Now, it is true that milk and milk products are mostly consumed by Indians. No doubt, it is filled with all the essential nutrients which a human body needs. But, the milk must be preserved in the right manner so that it does not get affected by microbial spoilage. In the best dairy plant, all the possible efforts are taken so that the milk reaches the user in the right manner. So, if you are planning to start your milk plant, then it is of utmost importance that you manage the nutritional properties of milk & protect it from getting it. Therefore, you must buy the best kind of milking machines and equipment. At Nk Dairy, we have a wide variety of equipment and machines. If you would like to know about the milking machine price, then get in touch with our team.
How to preserve milk and milk products?
Here are some of the heat treatment methods which are used at the dairy farm:
One of the most common methods to preserve the milk qualities. In this case, the milk is heated for 15 to 20 seconds at a low temperature of %7 to 68 degrees Celsius. In addition, it is growing rapidly at < 6 °C. This method is effective in preventing milk spoilage which can occur due to bacteria. However, this treatment method is not an effective choice for eliminating pathogens. So, this treatment method aims to extend the milk shelf-life and prevent bacteria growth.
This method helps preserve food in which the heat is lower than 100° at one point in time. The count of pathogens will be less with time and milk shelf-life is extended. The process of pasteurization can get a number of bacteria like:
- Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis
- Bacillus subtilis
- Bacillus cereus
There are 4 main types of milk pasteurization and with each of them, the time and temperature to heat will vary. It includes:
- Vat pasteurization & Low temperature
- Ultra-High Temperature
- High Temperature/Short Time
- Sterilization or UHT
Sterilization is a method for preserving food which includes heat application and at one point of time the temperature is 100° and then the bacteria is killed after the packaging comes in air-tight containers/ basically, this mild type can be stored at room temperature for a long period. With this, there are 2 methods which include:
- Conventional method or In-bottle sterilization
- Aseptic method or UHT method
With this method, the milk and milk quality is given importance so that it can be stored at room temperature for a long time.
With dehydration, the water is removed from the milk through heat application and under controlled conditions through evaporation. The water milk activity is reduced so that milk does not get spoiled. In addition, the nutritive qualities are given utmost importance.
So, if you are running a dairy farm, then it is important to carefully follow the heat treatment method to prevent milk spoilage and give the customers a quality product.