Milk processing is one of the important parts of the dairy business. There are different methods included in this part which help to get the best quality milk. Additionally, the use of the latest techniques and methods in milk processing makes everything better. This guide will give you a better understanding of the milk processing basics.
Milk is the nutritious beverage consumed by individuals of different age groups all over the world. Before the milk is delivered for the final consumption, it is processed. Milk processing is one of the major parts of the dairy sector. During processing, the fat content is adjusted, essential vitamins are added, and harmful bacteria are killed.
Milk production is an integral part of the dairy business. Milk is collected from the dairy farmers and then transported for the production process. When everything is done the milk and other dairy products are collected to send to the end-consumer.
Milk treatment sections
Once the milk is collected, it is transported by tanks to different processing plants. Milk is pumped from the large tanks to the treatment units to test the milk. After testing the milk, it is cooled and then further steps are done to store it correctly.
The sterilization process is necessary to remove the bacteria from the milk which is not safe for consumption.
With the pasteurization process, the milk is treated at a higher temperature and then brought back to normal temperature. The process effectively reduces the microbial presence. But, without compromising the essential qualities of the milk.
Standardization & Cream separation method
The fat content depends on the type of cow, cow feeding, and many other processes. To keep up with the milk consistency the pasteurization or sterilization is essential.
The cream separation method separates the cream from the milk and skimmed milk by using the cream separator.
Milk nutritious value is improved with vitamins, calcium, and other ingredients. In the mixing process, everything is mixed and blended in various mixing units.
The process of homogenization is done through homogenizers. This method checks the cream and separates it from the milk where milk needs to be stored.
Milk filling and packaging method
Once all the steps are done the milk is sent for the filling and packaging. Milk and dairy products can be packed in different packaging like pouches, glass, cartons, and PET bottles. With the right type of packaging the shelf-life and need & demand of the dairy product increase.
If you want to learn more about the processes and what type of machinery is best then talk to our dairy exports.