Do you know it is banned in some countries to provide milk without doing pasteurization procedure? There are lots of disputes around pasteurization. So if you are thinking of opening a milk plant then, make sure you are selling the pasteurized milk. Also, make sure you are having different types of dairy equipment to make multiple varieties made out of milk such as cheese, butter and much more.
During milk pasteurization milk is heated for some time at a specific temperature. It is heated to kill all the germs as well as bacteria present in the product.
If you will consume raw milk, then there are chances you will experience some problems that are mentioned below:
- Pain in the abdomen
- Failure of kidney
Above mentioned are the reasons why you should consume pasteurized milk. Some people are more vulnerable to the germs that are mentioned below:
- Kids of 5years or below
- Senior citizens
- Women who are pregnant
- People suffering from HIV, cancers and much more
- People suffering from diabetes as well as heart problems
These are the group people who are more prone to getting affected on consumption of raw milk. This is the reason why the government has made some rules and regulations for the people who are running a farming business. To avoid any type of health issues make sure you are selling the milk after the pasteurization process.
What is the process of pasteurization?
There is a proper process of pasteurization which includes:
- The person should need a double boiler.
- You need a large spoon.
- Ice- water
The foremost step should be done by you is cleaning the area where you are going to do the process. Also, make sure your hands, as well as jars, should be cleaned. You can also boil the containers for some minutes to sterilize. After cleaning, you should put water in the bottom of a double boiler. After that put milk inside it. You should make sure your milk is heating at low flames without burning from the bottom. You can use a thermometer to ensure that the temperature of the milk is under controlled. Keep your milk for sometime after reaching the desired temperature. Then put the whole milk in ice water to cool down.
What is the temperature for pasteurizing the milk?
There are two methods which you can select for pasteurization such as HTST and low temperature, ultra-high temperature.
You need to make sure that the temperature of the milk should be around 63 celsius for 30 minutes for low temperature. It is also known as VAT pasteurization.
HTST stands for high temperature, the short temperature in which you should make sure that the temperature of the milk is near about 72 celsius for 15 seconds only.
Ultra- high temperature needs 138 Celsius to heat the milk. Make sure you are keeping for 2 seconds only.