Milk Processing

Which processes are required to perform on milk before packaging?

Since it is the milk which is the most consumed item in our daily lives and thus the demand for it is regularly getting escalated. Milk is not only a part of the B2C business, rather it is a part of the B2B business as well. From milk, we can obtain khoya and ghee, so the businesses which are specifically focusing on preparing dairy products require milk in bulk quantities. This is the predominant reason why people are finding it convenient to switch to the dairy business. Since they know they will never run into losses.

Which are the other dairy businesses?

  • It is the ghee plant that requires triple the amount of milk of how much it produces.

  • It is the mawa plant that processes milk in the mawa making machine to come across the dried and evaporated milk.

  • Apart from the milking business, it is the processing business as well which the people take up. In those businesses with the help of pasteurization and other heating techniques, the shelf life of the milk is sought to be increased.

In this article, we are going to particularly focus on the milk processing business.

What happens in the milk processing plants?

A milk processing plant carries out several techniques to process the milk in such a way that its shelf life gets immensely increased. To make sure the business is running smoothly and without any problem, it is important to follow all the steps enlist as below:

  • Milk Collection

First of all, the milk needs to be collected from the dairy livestock. After that, it is important to transport the same to the dairy plants.

  • After transportation to dairy plants

When these are transported to the dairy plants. Then the following procedures are performed:

  • Separations

  • Clarifications

  • Separations

  • Homogenization

  • Pasteurization

  • Quality Check

After carrying out every essential process required for increasing the shelf life and before heading for packaging, it is needed to check the quality of the products.

Why are homogenizers used?

For setting up effective and successful plants, it is needed to use the homogenizers. This procedure is highly beneficial since it is helpful to produce the non-soluble mixtures parallelly. This is one of the main reasons why this process is considered vital for milk processing.

In which kinds of packets, the milk is supposed to get packaged?

In the last stage, the milk is supposed to get packaged. It gets packaged in the following:

  • Bottles

  • Cartons

  • Plastic Bags

Final Comments!

If you want to step into the dairy industry by working in a specific sector, then obviously, you will need several kinds of equipment and machines. With the help of these machines and the services, it becomes quite easy to keep up with the increased productivity regularly. If you are looking for dairy equipment manufacturers, then please count on us – NK Dairy equipment.

Milk Processing

How to choose the best milking processing equipment? Why is it important?

Milk is one of the food items which you will find in every household in India. Eventually, it makes it clear why people are shifting towards the milk business. In case you are planning to set up the dairy plant, then you must get the best milk processing equipment. It is one of the first things and if you think to compromise on this step, then the further steps will not give you the results you are looking for. The NK Dairy team has been serving clients all across Indian for many years and continues to do the same with each passing year. Let us tell you one thing which most of our customers will ask for i.e. about the milking machine price. The price of the machinery will vary on different factors, so therefore the cost can begin from Rs 16,000 and it can also go higher to Rs 65,000. So, as per your demand, our team will give you the final cost.

Make A Great Difference’ – Choose the super-Quality Milk Machinery

What are the factors to choose the best milk processing equipment?

Let us make things easier for you, as here we have mentioned the top factors for you to choose the best milk processing equipment.

  • Consider the space

First of all, you need to consider the space and size of the milk plant and see whether the one you want to buy is easy to adjust or not.

  • Choose as per your investments

Make sure that you choose the equipment as per the investments you would want to make. This way, in the future, you can have machinery which needs additional features.

  • Faster and smooth

The milk machinery you would want to choose should provide faster and smooth working.

  • Easy cleaning

When you choose the advanced and modern milk machinery this thing will be easier. As the machinery parts can be easily removed, and attached so that they are easy to clean.

  • Safe for animals

Make sure that the machinery you choose for your plant should be safe for animals and its use should not affect their health. In case you are buying the milking machine then make sure that it does not over-milk.

  • Less noise

What’s the use of modern and inventive modern machinery, when it cannot adjust the noise level? So, make sure that you buy the one in which the noise level is easy to adjust.

Also, make sure that you check the machinery you are getting is under the warranty period

Why is it important to get the milk machinery equipment?

  • The use of milk tanks makes it easier to store and receive raw milk, skimmed milk, and cream milk.

  • By homogenizing the milk, it makes it easier to understand the texture & variety. The milk will not get segmented, and its taste will get better.

  • Pasteurizers are useful to kill the presence of harmful bacteria in the milk which are not safe for human consumption.

  • With the milk separators, it makes it easier to ensure that destructive air does not get inside the product.

Milk Processing

Which equipment is necessary to be installed in a small scale dairy plant?

For every dairy plant, there is a need for necessary equipment. The equipment varies from one dairy plant to another based on the nature of the business. For example, milk processing equipment for small scale dairy farm is different from that of the equipment required in the large scale industries. So let us discuss some of the quintessential pieces of equipment that are needed particularly in the small scale industries.

  • Which services are supposed by a small scale industry to perform?

The small scale industry may include the manufacturing of the following mentioned products:

  • Cream & Butter
  • Pasteurized milk & Yogurt
  • Cheese & Icecream
  • Fluid milk & Buttermilk
  • Which equipment is essential to be incorporated in the small scale dairy plants?

The small scale dairy plants are customary to have the following pieces of types of equipment:

  • Storage equipment

The storage equipment is necessary for all dairy plants. No matter that the dairy plant is either small scale or large scale. There are following types of storage equipment which are essential to carry out the storage functions:

  • Pre stack tanks
  • Milk tanks
  • Interim tanks
  • Mixing tanks
  • Pasteurizers

Pasteurization is a process which is necessary to increase the shelf life of the milk. Pasteurization is not only necessary because it helps to alleviate the shelf life. But it should also be considered because it helps to kill the harmful pathogens which are present in the milk. So to carry out this function, it is quintessential to install equipment which carries out the healing process of the milk. The predominant benefits of installing pasteurizer are that one can set the temperature of the equipment according to the preferences.

  • Cream Separators

Cream separators are also installed in the small scale dairy plants. This machine is particularly used for producing either:

  • Skimmed milk
  • Low-fat milk

The predominant function of the cream separator is to divide both the cream and milk separately. Depending upon the temperature conditions, the fat percentage of the milk may vary.

  • Butter churner

Butter is obtained from milk by making it undergo a procedure which is facilitated by the butter churner. The preponderant function of the butter churner is to bring about the butter and buttermilk from the milk itself.

  • Cheese presses

This equipment is needed if you want to make cheese out of the milk. The required results are obtained by compressing the cheese curds at the required force. The amount of cheese curd which is used to obtain the cheese depends on what amount of cheese you are wanting.

  • Homogenizers

Homogenizers are used to ameliorate the texture & taste of the milk. These can be polished up by using the homogenizers. This task is accomplished by compressing the milk through variegated tiny holes under full pressure. The homogenizers are particularly used when you have obtained milk from several different cows and you do not want it to taste bad.

Final Thoughts

The dairy equipment is necessary for any dairy plant to alleviate productivity. No doubt the labour force can do the work but the hygiene and consistency which machines can bring especially in this corona cannot be brought by human labour.

milk plant Milk Processing

What are the topmost tips to choose and use milk processing equipment?

Selecting the best milk processing equipment

In the milk plant, it is important to choose the best dairy equipment for the effective running of the business and get increased success. If you are running a dairy farm then have the top-quality milk processing equipment which makes the business best. The business owner can run the dairy farm effectively and you will be able to give the best services to the users.

If you have poor-quality, and cheap milk equipment then milk processing turns out to be dangerous and maintenance will be increased. You need to take the professional expertise so that the best milk processing equipment is working in the best manner. The farmers can maintain everything and they know what is an economical option.


What are the factors to choose the best milk processing equipment?

Given below are the factors to choose the best milk processing equipment for your dairy farm:

  • First of all, the space and size of any milk processing machine should be adjustable on the dairy farm.
  • The milk processing equipment which you are going to buy should be under your investment so that you maintain the additional features.
  • The machine should be faster and easier to perform the respective operation of milk.
  • All the machines used in the processing should be healthier and safe for the animals.
  • The milking equipment used in the processing should be easy and quick to clean.
  • Make sure to check the vacuum before all the milking machines.
  • The spare parts and moving parts of the equipment should be easy to repair or replace.


Best use of milk processing equipment

Milk processing equipment is the main part of the dairy plant. Different operations are performed so that the milk is stored, separated, homogenizing, pasteurizing, and many other things. The milking equipment plays an important role in dairy plants so that the milk products like yogurt, cream, butter, cheese, and many other options are made. If the equipment is used carefully in dairy plants then it leads to increased success for the business.

  • Milk tanks are used in the dairy business for storing and receiving raw milk, skimmed milk, or cream milk.
  • In the processing plants, the pasteurizers are used for different heat treatments so that the bacteria is killed and enzymatic activity is reduced and the products are served in the best manner.
  • Milk separators are essential equipment so that the final product is of the best quality and during the entire process destructive air is prevented.
  • In the milk processing plants, there is the use of homogenizer which helps to check the different texture and variety of the product. The taste is prevented and improved so that the milk products are safe for use.




Milk Pasteurization Milk Processing

What are the common types of Milk Pasteurization and explain some benefits of this process?

Back in 1880, Louis Pasteur, a French scientist, found that heating any food could kill or eliminate undesired micro-organisms and prevent edibles from becoming ruined. After that moment, pasteurization has become a luxury for people when it comes to preserving food.

In order to increase the commodity shelf life, many broad companies use pasteurization. Manufacturers such as food, dairy products, and beverage utilize large-scale pasteurization to ensure that goods satisfy consumer health and food safety criteria. 

Milking machines and dairy equipment are valuable to offer you good quality dairy products. Similarly, pasteurization is also done to provide you quality dairy products.

Types of Pasteurization:

Pasteurization is now classified into three broad categories:

High-Temperature Short Time (HTST)

Also known as Flash pasteurization, this process is the most common method for preserving milk. Milk is then heated for 15 seconds to any pathogenic bacteria at temperatures of around 170° F and above if required. For this process, pasteurized milk must be consumed for reasonable and healthy use within one to three days.


This pasteurization method is used for every milk brand which requires a hygiene or packaging shelf-life of up to one week. This ensures that milk is the easiest and most efficient way to sustain milk at temperatures between 220°F and 230°F within a matter of seconds.

Vat Pasteurization

It is the fastest and most costly way of pasteurizing milk. The milk is heated in a vat for 30 minutes to around 160 ° F and then cooled to a temperature of 40 ° F. It is the safest way to consume unhealthy and unprocessed, fresh milk.

The raw milk is preserved and circulated in either of the above pasteurization processes, preferably before consumption in the cold chain at 4 ° C. The pasteurizing method guarantees that the milk is healthy for longer use. This is why pasteurized packaged milk is popular with most consumers.

Milk Pasteurization Benefits.

Milk heating before packing will have several benefits for us to destroy the bacteria that are present:

  • Reduced chance of disease: The pasteurization method destroys much of the harmful milk bacteria. The risks of illness decline after the intake of this type of milk.

  • Better nutritious value: Because pasteurization destroys bacteria contained in raw milk, milk-based nutrients become accessible to anybody who drinks milk.

  • Increased use: Pasteurization not only serves to eliminate toxic microorganisms from fresh milk but also to retain the processed milk for a longer period of time and allow it usable for consumer use.

Yes, milk pasteurization offers you quality products that are beneficial for your overall health.

Milk Processing milking machine

How can a modern and improved mild testing machine help the Milk industry?


Milk is considered as the main source for the body to have the essential nutrients especially calcium. This is important for the body to make it strong. India is a country that is more reliant on agriculture as compared to any other industry. It has been more than 70 years and still, the agriculture sector is given the main priority along with dairy farming. With time, the milk production is also increasing as the technology is improving and getting better with time. The milk plant in India contains modern technology and techniques to do dairy farming which benefits their business in a great manner.

 The journey of the Dairy Industry

In the starting stage, the results of the dairy industry were rough but with time the whole scenario changed. But have you ever thought how the imperfect journey of the dairy industry changed into a successful one?

All this credit goes to the latest technology machines like milk testing and fat measuring machines which check the graveness to the white industry. The entire scenario changed the perspective of the dairy business in India. With time, it has now become the introduction of technologies and improved techniques which helped to intensify the milk quality and it was guaranteed for fair proceedings.

With milk testing equipment and ultrasonic milk analyzer testing equipment has been revolutionized and the milk quality has been improved.


How fat measuring and ultrasonic milk analyzer changed the process?

Earlier, when questions were asked for checking the milk quality, there was not a specific answer to that. The milk contamination and low quality signified the need for advancement. When modern technology came into the market, complete results were changed and it resulted in a positive side.

An ultrasonic milk analyzer is a machine that helps to measure the milk FAT & SNF and checks water proportion which checks the milk density. With the Fatomatic farmers had the help to calculate the milk fat. It helps to check the milk measurement along with calculating fat content in the milk.


What are the features of the best milk testing machine?

Ultrasonic Milk Analyzer

  • Calculates Fat content

The machine checks the presence of milk fat content. The measurement scale varies as per the variation which can occur in the milk type.

  • Milk Solid Non-Fat (SNF)

The machine helps to measure the SNF content in milk. The milk-fat testing equipment gives correct data of Solid non-fat in the milk.

  • Water Proportion

These machines check the water amount in the milk. It helps to check the water content in the milk which is between 0 percent to 60 percent.

  • Milk Density

The machine tells about the actual milk density which is based on the milk variations.

  • Smooth Operation

Using this machine is easy and smooth. Additionally, the set-up is extremely smooth along with cleaning and doing all the important work.


Milk Processing milking machine News

Why do India’s largest dairy farmers purchase GEA’s first butter-making machine?

With the advancement in technology, the dairy business is growing day-by-day. Several farmers start doing dairy business because of the high demand for milking products. Dairy plants include several machines such as ghee plant, butter churner, milking parlor, and so on. In this article, we are going to give you information on the butter churner.

The system is designed in conjunction with Fritz processes to proceed to make butter from sweet or sour cream. The butter made in this unit fits the high demands for food. The three liquid additives dosing method enables lactic or salted butter to be made, along with the honey and sour cream oil.

The development of butter

This cream is correctly heated and choked to butter in cylinder 1 at a steady temperature. In-cylinder 2, the granules are refrozen in a cold buttermilk bath prior to the conglomeration butter lumps being removed from the buttermilk.

The butter is kneaded to remove some of the buttermilk in textured 1. Then sugar, buttermilk, cheese, salt, or other liquids may be dosed and all ingredients are equally mixed together with a multiple-stage mixer. The air is drained from the vacuum container. The butter is vigorously kneaded and combined once again in the textured 2 and maintains a steady discharge with the incorporated butter device.

We are committed to the production, procurement, and export of butter machines. The Butter Making Unit is constructed of high-quality SS 304 steel and guarantees sturdy design and corrosion resistance. We sell our products all over India, several dairy farmers get benefits from GEA milk making, ghee making, and butter making machines.

Largest dairy milking units purchase butter making machines.

Yes, it is true that the Largest Indian dairy producer has purchased GEA’s first Model BUE butter-making machine. In February 2019, the BUE 6000 System and all associated hardware will be introduced.

A company that purchased Gea’s first butter making machine is Creamy Foods Ltd. It is one of the largest international ghee producers that is used in Indian households as the main food ingredient. They revealed in an interview that GEA machinery would make it possible to meet the highest global quality levels to produce quality ghee and other milk fat goods to serve people well.

Key features:

  • The cream storage tank is built of content SS 304, requiring less repair.

  • Use a window for viewing on the other hand such as sight glass is used to view on the opposite side.

  • Interior end sprayed with sand

  • Iron Angel Powdered foundation structure


  • User-friendliness

  • Easy to use

  • High durability or Strong resistance

  • Lightweight and compact architecture

  • Low maintenance

  • Minimum labor cost

  • Robust construction

  • Smooth operation


  • Electric motor supply

dairy equipments Milk Processing

Things you need to keep in mind if you want to establish Small Scale Milk Business?

You may think of starting a dairy business if you love quality milk, cheese, yogurt, or other dairy products. You may not know that dairy business is highly regulated as well as subject to inspections and other government-run controls because it can be a lucrative and rewarding industry. However, there are a variety of factors when deciding to establish a dairy farm, creamery, or milk-selling company.

The Variability of Milk Products

The dairy industry is surprisingly versatile and supplies the materials you might not consider for the products. From food to beauty products and beyond, dairy products can be used in everything. For this, you need to establish a milk plant, because only with the help of dairy plants, you will be able to produce quality milk as well as other dairy products.

It can take a lot more time, energy, money, and manpower to own and operate a dairy farm than to run a shop that sells dairy-based products. That being said, it does offer considerable versatility. In addition to owning and running your own dairy farm, you can also be a dairy distributor, carrier, or producer. You might buy milk products, for instance, produce your own yogurt, cheese, or other dairy products.

The essence of dairy production

At farms in the state, you can even attend open field days to get an understanding of whether this is the right line of work for you. In fact, you will still be able to speak to other farms’ owners and staff to see what has been to haven’t been going with them and further shape your own strategy.

You’ll need to decide whether a dairy farm will be viable based on what consumer demands are in your geographic region. If you need help developing your market, you might be able to rent cattle, dairy equipment, and supplies from other local farmers. Additionally, it is crucial to be truthful and upfront with what you can do and maintain your goals reasonably.

Licenses and Permits

You may need to have the necessary licenses and approvals to run your dairy business. This can differ according to your venue. You will need a special permit for milk-processing dairy companies, such as those concerned with cheese, yogurt, ice cream, or other dairy products making. You may also require licenses and labeling for raw eggshell, meat processing, organic certification, and a CSA certification.

Money and finance to establish a business.

If you don’t have that much money to establish even a small scale dairy business, then you must talk to bankers. As there are several loan options available for businesspersons. This will help you to establish your business without any problem, and they can also help you to buy dairy equipments easily.

Milk Processing milking machine

How to start and run a milk processing plant effectively and on-time?

Milk is consumed in the highest demand all over India. With the increased demand it becomes essential to supply it in the right amount. If you are planning to start your milk plant then it can prove helpful to get increased profits.

Setting up the milk plant

All over the world, you can find many dairy processing plants. You need to have cattle like goats, cows, and buffalos for milking purposes.


What about the capacity of milk processing plants?

Milk plants are big, medium, and small. Different types of milk processing equipment can be used to increase milk capacity every day. You can also get many dairy products like toned milk, butter, cream, ghee, double toned milk, yogurt, and skimmed milk.

In the starting stage, the milk is put in the tank from the milk tankers once it has been chilled at the right temperature in the chilling unit. The chilled milk is pasteurized in the pasteurizer and cream is separated from the cream separator which gets the skimmed milk. Milk is dependent on the requirement of skimmed milk, toned milk, double toned milk, or full cream milk.

What is the process of milk processing plants?

Starting process

Proper milk production is extremely essential in the dairy farm. In a day, the dairy cows are milked 2 times. If the farms are on a larger scale, then there is the use of equipment to carry out the processing method properly. Once that is done, the milk is taken to the refrigerated milk tanks.

The milk tanks are collected by big trucks that take the final product to the milk processing plants. Before the milk or any dairy product is transported it is vital to check the taste and temperature to make sure it is safe for human consumption. If there is any issue then that specific product will be discarded right away. There are special tanks to needed at the milk processing plants

Separate the bacteria

In the milk processing plants, the next step is to separate the bacteria which is best for the final use. This method is perfect for clarification. Every step of the milk processing needs to be done correctly. The bacteria are destroyed with the heat so that the milk is safe for human consumption.

After that comes the homogenization which means fat is eliminated from the product.


The last and final step is the packaging. The packing is done in plastic bags and cartons. On the cartons, there is a stamped date to tell about the shelf life of the product. Make sure you do not use it after that. Once the milk is packaged, it is transported to different places.

If you are looking to set up your business then you should choose the right Dairy machinery and equipment by taking help from the professionals.

Milk Processing

Why are milk processing plants necessary and how do milk processing plants work?

The milk plant is a site, where milk is obtained, refined, preserved, pasteurized, packed, and prepared for distribution. It must have permission for the milk processing facility. A milk processing plant can choose to process milk and milk products under this license. You will find several dairy plants across the world.

Milk is one of the most important drinks which people from all over the world consume. There are a variety of milk production plants that have been set up to provide for customers’ needs. These have served well to accentuate both the efficiency of milk production and the quantity.

Why Milk processing?

Milk collected in containers and bottles goes through a number of processes until it is appropriate for usage. Many of these operations are carried out at the manufacturing plants. It is then packed in the bags for sale into the target markets and distributed.

You may categorize the entire cycle into various phases.

Collection of milk

Initially, milk is collected from cattle in large farms, and then collected milk is tested for purity as well as consistency. It will then be shipped to the plants where it will be moved to large tanks. Then, the milk is isolated or performs a separation process for clarified milk. This is necessary to make it safe for consumption, also it is important to remove bacteria and other pollutants from the milk. After this phase, complete cream milk and toned milk are then processed again for clarification.


The segregation cycle is accompanied by the addition of fortified minerals and vitamins to the milk. The substance is then primed for pasteurization.


The milk is heated at extremely high temperatures throughout the pasteurization process, and then quickly cooled to remove bacteria.


After that homogenization is performed at the pasteurized milk to remove the fat content. Homogenization is also necessary because it helps remove fat particles in the food and produce quality milk to consume or make other dairy products. There are many forms of milk items made very readily accessible in both online and offline markets.


After all the processes, the milk is packaged into bottles or sealed bags to sell in the consumer markets. Almost every sealed bag or bottle has dates of shelf life and expiry. Milk goods come in various forms based on the degree of fat in them. Any such items may also be ordered from online retailers.


Once packaging is done, milk, as well as milk products, are delivered to other places, so that people can consume them. These products are delivered by a storage van that has a fridge in it to protect it from spoiling.