diary equipments - milking machine milking machine

What are the topmost ways to clean the dairy equipment and containers properly?

If you are running a milk plant then cleaning of dairy equipment is as important as selling dairy products. You must be knowing the containers are more prone to dirt and the milk collected goes through many different containers as well as the same goes for the manufacturing and production process.

Cleaning methods involved the factors mentioned below.

  • Physical cleaning
  • Chemical cleaning
  • Bacteriological cleaning
  • Sterile cleaning

What are the things which need to be cleaned from dairy products?

  • Dirt

Dirt needs to be cleaned properly from the containers of machinery used in the process. Dirt will be having bacteria in it which causes many types of infections, diseases. So to protect you and your customers, clean the dirt before using dairy equipment.

  • Heated surface

Milk is heated at 60 degrees and milk fouling starts to form which is a deposit of calcium, magnesium, phosphate, proteins, etc. It changes its colour from white to brown residues after 8 hours.

  • Cold surface

You should start cleaning immediately after the system is emptied. Otherwise, the white form will dry and it will be difficult for you to remove. For cleansing, you should use brushes which are meant for such types of milking machine cleaning brushes.

What is the process of cleaning?

Still, some people use the old technique of cleaning equipment with the help of detergent and scrubbing. But they are not understanding that this method is not effective as well as it is time-consuming. Instead of using this method use the CIP method to clean the equipment.

What is the Cleaning-in-place (CIP) method?

Step1: Pre-rinse

  • Pre-rinsing the equipment will help you to remove the residue.
  • You should do it after the run of a production.
  • To remove the milk fats you should put warm water inside it and it will be washed easily.
  • You should continue pre-rinsing until the existing system becomes transparent.

Step 2: Clean it with detergent

  • To remove the dirt from hot surfaces use acidic detergent.
  • If the residue is gathered on cold surfaces then also use the alkaline to remove it properly.
  • You can use teepol also.

Step 3: Clean with water again

  • After cleaning it with the detergent you should clean the machinery with water properly so that no detergent will be left on it.
  • You can add citric or phosphoric acid to prevent overnight bacteria formation.

Step 4: Disinfecting

  • After cleaning the equipment physically, bacterially, chemically cleaned then the disinfecting process will start.
  • There are two ways of disinfecting it such as
  • Thermal disinfection

This person will be using hot water to clean.

  1. There is a disinfectant solution available in the market where you can thoroughly wash out with water.
dairy equipments Dairy Plants

What are the major advantages of Stainless Steel Dairy Equipment?


For that, it becomes important for the dairy business owner to consider every single aspect.

To make sure you give your best and stay on the top, you need to have the latest and improved technology & dairy equipment. Let’s understand why it is important to have stainless steel dairy equipment.

 Major reasons to have stainless steel dairy equipment.

  • Better protection

Stainless steel is resistant to corrosion. With time, the dairy products can start to corrode the tank. It makes it easier for the bacteria to enter the corroded area that affects the final product.

Moreover, it also contains chromium in it that acts as a protective layer and slows down the corrosion process. However, you need to clean the machinery and equipment regularly, but it slows down the risk of bacterial build-up.

  • Increases sanitation

The dairy products need to be moved from one container to another during the making process. Every time there is a transfer, there is an increased risk of getting exposed to bacteria. Due to coronavirus, everyone wants to have safe and hygienic products.

Moreover, it is easier to clean, and it is resistant to wear and tear.

On the other hand, materials like plastic and aluminium can erode over time but stainless steel is smooth and makes the best option for the dairy business.

  • Highly durable

If you have a tank outside, then stainless steel can hold up against rain and different elements. It does not matter you have a tank outside or inside stainless steel machinery and equipment that offer protection to the business year-round. This means you do not have to worry about the cracks, abrasions, and scratches.

  • Increase lifetime

Investing in the dairy business means you need to spend a huge amount of money. This means you want the product to last for a long time. Buying stainless steel machinery is going to tick this box right away. A one-time investment will last for a long time. So, you do not have to worry about buying the equipment and machinery again and again.

  • Stainless steel helps the bottom line

Stainless steel is a key part of the dairy business. This material is highly durable and provides increased insulation. This means the product will remain fresh for a long time. Your product will not be wasted and the quality is improved with time.

It means everything works properly, and it gives your business the chance to grow rapidly.

Get the quality equipment from NKdiary

Stainless steel makes the best material for the dairy business or Milk Plant. You need to choose the option which is better in the long run.

dairy equipments Dairy Information Dairy Plants

What are the topmost strategies you need to know for Marketing dairy business?

Are you the one who is planning to open a dairy farm? If your family member is in this business and you want to continue or you are a beginner and don’t know where to start. To open a dairy farm you need land, workers, animals, types of equipment, electricity, food for animals, etc. First, search a place where you can open and if you are buying land out of town then arrange transportation also for you through that you will deliver your products to the people.

This article will tell you about dairy equipment you need to run a smooth business. All you need to do is a good marketing strategy if you are having one then nobody will stop you from earning a profit and if not then don’t worry. 

Strategies you should keep in mind are:

  • Make groups

Make contact with shops like sweet, bakery, etc which will take milk directly from you and this technique will help you in earning more profit. You can make dairy products at your place and can sell them to the shops. You can also contact to houses which can take milk from you.

  • Social Media

Social media is a platform where you can do selling and buying of products without investing a lot of money. All you need to do is be aware of the people that you are doing such types of business and they will approach you. Easiest means of making contacts with a larger number of audience.

  • Advertisement

For any kind of business, you need an advertisement to meet the goals. These days diary business is touching the success rate with the right kind of online advertisement strategy.

  • Equipment

If you are new to this business then make sure buying different types of equipment is a long term investment so buy a good quality of equipment such as aluminium cans, glassware, test tubes, measuring cylinders, lactometer, etc.

  • Workers

You need 2 to 3 workers for cleaning the space and taking care of the animal from animal baths to feeding them. They will take care of it in front of you or your absence also. It will be difficult for you handling all the things on your own. So you need workers for your help.

  • Delivering on time

If any kind of orders you are getting make sure you will deliver it on time because it will help you in building your reputation in the market and building trust among your customers. Once you make it, nobody can stop you from expanding your dairy business.

  • Bundling

Bundling is based on discounts, customers pay less in buying a bundle rather than purchasing the product separately. You can also buy things needed in bulk so that you will get a discount and will pay less to the shopkeeper.

dairy equipments Dairy Plants

Here Are The Things You Need To Know Before Opening A Dairy Farm

Here we share the guide Opening A Dairy Farm From scratch and taking care of cows to clean their cow pies to handling the dairy equipment. It’s a hard working job. But don’t you worry. Here are the things you should know while opening a dairy farm.

  • Knowledge

While entering into a field you should be having enough knowledge about it. If someone is there in your family then go and spend some time on their farm. And if you are new to this, then consult people who work in the dairy farm or having their own and spend time with them. After spending time and watching all the things. Then decide whether you want this or not.

  • Collect Money

You need money to open a farm. Collect funds from people, take a loan from a bank, ask if you’re known to invest, etc. Opening a farm requires land, farm equipment, construction, cows, buffaloes, etc. Then only you can start your business.

  • Location

Finding a location is the biggest task. If you own land. Then you don’t have to worry. But if you don’t then think about the location which will come under your budget. Make sure the location should not be far from town. Otherwise, it will cost more to go to town and sell your products.

  • Electricity

You have to dig a well from where you can get electricity. How you will be able to give water to the grass. What if lights go frequently. You need a generator also for running a motor.

  • Construction

Start construction according to the buffaloes you are going to buy. You need sheds for them as well as a room for your workers and one for yourself. Do the construction accordingly. Consult a contractor who can build for you the way you want.

  • Buy Machinery

You need a sharp cutter, brush cutter, a generator for power cuts and many more things for the farm. Make sure while buying. Go for the best one. This is a long term investment. You are not going to buy it on a daily basis.

  • Make Contacts

Make contacts with the shops, hotels which will buy your milk. Direct selling the milk will help you in earning profit. Tie-up with people who will help you in selling your milk. Tell them to do word of mouth. All these will help you in earning profit.

  • Hire People

You won’t be able to do all the work all alone. You need people who will help you in doing all the stuff. They will take care of animals when you are not around. They will help you in keeping the place clean.

  • Buy Animals

Without animals how will you start your dairy farm? Be careful with the place from where you are buying the animals. Visit different places and then buy. don’t rely on one.

cream separator

What are the topmost things for selecting the quality cream separator?

Given below are the top things which can help you select the premium quality cream separator along with other dairy equipment:

●     Cream separator capacity is not the actual amount you can process

When you get to know that it can perform at 100 liters per hour, this does not mean it can separate 100 liters of milk with this machine. Over time, the cream separator can get clogged with milk fat, solid elements, and particles of grass which can be found in milk. So, keep in mind after 30 minutes of work it needs to be stopped completely, unwind the drum, and then wash it.

The entire process is going to take 15 minutes. So, with 100 liters per hour of capacity, you can separate around 75 liters of milk because 15 minutes are for cleaning the cream separator’s drum.

●     Plastic is not the bad thing always

Many people worry about the quality of the end product when they see that some parts are being made of plastic. No doubt, plastic can be broken easily and they do not even smell good. So, many people prefer to buy a separator which is made of metal.

Plastic is different. Polycarbonate is one material that is used in expensive models. Additionally, it is not oxidized like aluminum and it is cheaper. Buying a plastic cream separator is the best choice you can make.

●     Consider the materials which will come in contact with food

While looking for a cream separator, you need to pay attention to the parts which will come in contact with milk. The following parts can be there like a float chamber, a milk container, a flota drum, skimmed milk outlets, and cream. So, the ideal choice of material for all these parts in stainless steel 304.

Another choice for the quality is anodized aluminum. After that comes the food polycarbonate and aluminum. Plain aluminum is not the best choice because it can not come in contact with milk which is not healthy.

●     What type of engine is present inside?

2 types of engines are there which are brushless one and a collector. Brushless motors are engines that have the electronics present inside it and they regulate the engine speed and then it can adapt the voltage surges.

Collector engines are simple because there is not any type of electronics in it and they have carbon brushes which can change the operating speed depending on the voltage change.

Brushless motors are a preferred choice as their resource is much greater as compared to the collectors. Collector motors are considered safe because there is less use of electronics inside which can be broken down and affect the working of machinery.

●     Selecting the right voltage

Mainly there are 2 voltage standards: 115V and 230V. You need to be extremely curious about it and find about the standards used in your area. Otherwise, connecting 230V to 115V is extremely slow, and if 115 V to 230V it is not safe at all. So, make sure the right voltage is selected while buying the separator.

dairy equipments dairy equipments - Dairy Plants

Get complete information about the GEA and NK Dairy Processing industry

The milking industry worldwide is growing rapidly to meet the rising demand of a growing populace for Dairy products. 

Expertise at the national level

As we already told you, we are making large-scale dairy equipment and milking machines for our consumers. We customize products according to their needs and requirements so that they can get more benefits from our dairy processing products.

Products & technologies

As the dairy processing industry, we plan, design, manufacture, and offer complete plants, processors, and equipment to process raw milk, butter, ice cream, yogurt and cheese, infant formulas, milk powder, and whey, filling and packaging of milk and other dairy-based products.

Our expertise includes project management, installation of systems or milking plants, commissioning, and post-sales. All GEA milk processing technology has been designed and developed to meet the highest hygiene, food safety, and quality standards while operating efficiently and sustainably. So, do not hesitate to contact us to buy the products. You only need to choose the best dairy processing products from the below-mentioned list of products.

Our dairy processing products include-:

  • Spray Dryers

  • Centrifuges and Separation Equipment

  • Food processing systems

  • Freezers

  • Liquid processing systems

  • Mixers and blenders

  • Homogenizers

  • Membrane Filtration System

  • Milk plants

  • Valves and Pumps

  • Evaporators and Crystallizers

  • Compressors

  • Cleaners and Sterilizers

  • And many more.

You can choose the processing products as per your requirements and budget. Well, you do not take tension as all the products are completely budget-friendly.

Ensure peace of mind

  • Become well-established technology suppliers, world dairy producers are continually aiming at boosting value-added products’ efficiency. Most consumers find dairy processing products would be costly and labor intensive in the production of new goods for milk. This can become an intimidating process for some customers to perform alone along with this complex formulation, detailed process design, and plant validation.

  • This is also well known by GEA and we have also developed different test centers to help you check the goods with trust before output rises.

  • Our several small-scale demonstration plants deliver vital process technology including preparation, separation, combining, evaporation, and drying, helping you to show the commodity or method easily before making a large-scale investment.

  • You will design your goods, customize your recipes, and then manufacture them in smaller quantities, in collaboration with our team of committed process experts. We can then assist you in determining the end product properties and optimizing the method configuration prior to scales.

Thanks to the decades of industry experience acquired from food processing firms around the globe, our research centers prove that our process systems are optimized for local manufacturing conditions. In turn, we would benefit from the continuous improvement that we create with your production facility through offline research.

Milk Pasteurization Milk Processing

What are the common types of Milk Pasteurization and explain some benefits of this process?

Back in 1880, Louis Pasteur, a French scientist, found that heating any food could kill or eliminate undesired micro-organisms and prevent edibles from becoming ruined. After that moment, pasteurization has become a luxury for people when it comes to preserving food.

In order to increase the commodity shelf life, many broad companies use pasteurization. Manufacturers such as food, dairy products, and beverage utilize large-scale pasteurization to ensure that goods satisfy consumer health and food safety criteria. 

Milking machines and dairy equipment are valuable to offer you good quality dairy products. Similarly, pasteurization is also done to provide you quality dairy products.

Types of Pasteurization:

Pasteurization is now classified into three broad categories:

High-Temperature Short Time (HTST)

Also known as Flash pasteurization, this process is the most common method for preserving milk. Milk is then heated for 15 seconds to any pathogenic bacteria at temperatures of around 170° F and above if required. For this process, pasteurized milk must be consumed for reasonable and healthy use within one to three days.


This pasteurization method is used for every milk brand which requires a hygiene or packaging shelf-life of up to one week. This ensures that milk is the easiest and most efficient way to sustain milk at temperatures between 220°F and 230°F within a matter of seconds.

Vat Pasteurization

It is the fastest and most costly way of pasteurizing milk. The milk is heated in a vat for 30 minutes to around 160 ° F and then cooled to a temperature of 40 ° F. It is the safest way to consume unhealthy and unprocessed, fresh milk.

The raw milk is preserved and circulated in either of the above pasteurization processes, preferably before consumption in the cold chain at 4 ° C. The pasteurizing method guarantees that the milk is healthy for longer use. This is why pasteurized packaged milk is popular with most consumers.

Milk Pasteurization Benefits.

Milk heating before packing will have several benefits for us to destroy the bacteria that are present:

  • Reduced chance of disease: The pasteurization method destroys much of the harmful milk bacteria. The risks of illness decline after the intake of this type of milk.

  • Better nutritious value: Because pasteurization destroys bacteria contained in raw milk, milk-based nutrients become accessible to anybody who drinks milk.

  • Increased use: Pasteurization not only serves to eliminate toxic microorganisms from fresh milk but also to retain the processed milk for a longer period of time and allow it usable for consumer use.

Yes, milk pasteurization offers you quality products that are beneficial for your overall health.

ghee plant

Everything about different types of ghee making machines in India

Different dairy products can be made with the latest machinery. Ideally, ghee is the staple of Indian food which makes it taste even better. Fortunately, there are different types of ghee making machines in India which make the ghee production increase and the final product is also of the best quality at ghee plant.


Different types of Ghee Making Machines

Ghee Boiler

The inner shell with a cylindrical body and the hemispherical bottom is made of 6mm thick material. It has a hemispherical bottom which is made of MS plate of around 6mm thickness. It is insulated and this is made of rock wool type glass which is between the outer shell.


Accessories with Boiler

Sweeping type agitator with a geared motor of suitable HP, SS. The grider thickness is 6mm and the SS semi-circular removable cover is around 2mm thick. It has a float type with a stream trap and bypass arrangement which is a safety valve. The pipe legs have 76mm with adjustable fall feet. The hydro test is conducted and all the surfaces are polished with around 150 grits.


Ghee Making machine

Jar Material

  • It is made of stainless steel sheet and the bottom thickness is around 16mm.
  • The ball valve is 1.5” S.S.


Structure material

  • The frame structure is 2mm thick.
  • The gearbox contains a heavy-duty worm type gearbox.
  • The motor is a 1.5HP single or three-phase model.
  • It has 2 gas burners that are united.
  • The total electrical load is around 1.5 HP.


Cream Separator

  • The capacity of the cream separator is around 500 lph.
  • The milk temperature is around 35-45 (Degree C)
  • These machines make the cream efficient for up to 95 percent.
  • The fat content in skim milk is around 0.5 %.
  • The base is made up of casting
  • The motor is of 1425 RPM and 0.25 HP Single Phase 220 V.
  • The milk tank is made of aluminum which has a capacity of around 40 liters.


Butter Churner

  • The barrel capacity is around 400 liter.
  • The cream loading is 200 Kg/Batch.
  • The frame and structure are made from stainless steel of AISI-316 and its thickness is 1.6mm. The SS pipe diameter is around 38 to 50mm.
  • It contains motors of Kirloskar 2 Hp single, three-phase, or Crompton greaves.
  • The butter churner contact surface is shot or sandblasted. This way the material like butter won’t stick to its surface.
  • The butter churner will come with Sight glass, Buttermilk drain, Air vent, and Cream loading door. Additionally, there are buttvalves and other accessories.


Ghee Pre- Filtration Tank

Ghee Pre-Filtration Tank is manufactured by a 1.2 mm 304 SS sheet. Double wire-mesh is fitted for Filtration with a ball valve that takes out ghee. To make it move the wheels added to the bottom of the tank.


diary equipments - Diary information diary equipments - milking machine

Explain the cleaning and sanitation methods for Dairy Equipments

Let’s start with the introduction.

How do I clean milking appliances?

As we stated above, cleaning milk processes is an essential part of the manufacturing of milk. The milk obtained by the cooperatives is transferred via several tanks, such that both bacterial and soil pollutants are extremely susceptible. The same refers to production and processing. Milk machinery manufacturers, therefore, recommend that dairy equipment is regularly cleaned.

Objectives of cleaning

The cleaning of milk machinery involves four degrees:

  • Cleaning physical

  • Cleaning of chemicals

  • Cleaning of bacteriology

  • Cleaning of steriles

The manufacturing machinery is then subject to chemical cleaning and instead to the disinfecting process as cleaning methods are meant to accomplish both bacteriological and chemical cleaning along with the physical and sterile cleaning.

There are types of contaminants that must be removed from the milk machines.

Dirt: Dirt in dairy products is residues of milk products that settle on the base of the appliance and are subject to bacteria.

Heated surfaces: By boiling milk at or above 60 degrees, stone such as a layer composed of calcium, phosphates, fats, and proteins formed. It is usually white and switches after 8 to 9 hours to brownish color.

Cold surfaces: The next move will be cleaning after emptying a device. If not, white particles are developed at the base as well as can settle and solidify, rendering it more difficult to clean.

A specific form of milking machine cleaning brushes is used for the physical cleaning of surfaces.

The Washing Method

Some milk processing manufacturers do use the manual washing and scrubbing method of machinery. This technique is not completely successful because of the presence of dairy residues. Furthermore, the method needs time and a great deal of effort. Therefore, manufacturers of dairy machinery recommend a clean-in-place or CIP cleaning process.

Here is some CIP method of cleaning.

Recovery of Processes Residues

Residues from the processing machines need to be removed to minimize product contamination, assist in the cleaning cycle, and reduce the waste generated.

Pre Water clean.

Pre-rinsing is the second phase in the cleaning cycle which requires to be performed directly after the output. Milk fat stains of moist pre-rinsing water may be quickly washed off. But precaution is required not to reach a temperature of 55 degrees Celsius as this will allow the protein elements in the residue to coagulate.

Detergent Cleaning

If the dirt collected on hot surfaces, it is necessary to clean it with detergent for better as well as quality dairy products.

A further Cleaning Process

The equipment surfaces must be properly wiped with water after the detergent is removed in order to eliminate the detergent.


Equipment is mechanically, chemically, and bacterially sterile when correctly washed with acid and alkaline solutions.

dairy equipments Dairy Plants

What are the things you need to consider for choosing milking machines?

How to use a milking machine

To start the milking machine you need to start it and use the valve on the claw to seal the vacuum till the time it is built to 15 psi. The patients need to use the best quality of dairy machinery. After that, you need to get down behind the cow and then the valve is released and the teat cup is put on the teat which causes the vacuum to release till the time the teat cup is sealed.

After that, the cups are put on the teats and the vacuum will hold them in place to remove the milk. The milk flow and udder are watched until the time enough milk is taken. The valves are used to seal the vacuum and all the cups are removed with ease in one go. After that vacuum is released and the machine is turned off.

 How to select a milking machine?

Milking machines are costlier. Just make sure to get in touch with the experts and they can suggest to you better on what type or model you need to get. With the expert’s understanding, you will be able to compare the different options available in the market. Given below are some of the things which you need to consider:


These machines can clean quickly and easily after the milking is done.

     Durability and material quality

The machine needs to be of the best quality so that they can last for a long time and your business can be managed effectively.

     Moving parts and spare parts

Generally moving parts are not able to last for a long time. Additionally, you can get spare parts. You can replace the individual items which can be worn easily. If you are not sure what to use and how you can manage the machinery then get in touch with experts.

     Noise levels

With the milking machines, the electric motors are used on the motor vacuum pump. It means there is a need for electricity and it makes loud noises. Not every model is the same so you need to use the machinery effectively.

     Types of vacuum pump

Different system models come with different pumps. It is important the pump which is used should take out the required amount from the vacuum. The ideal choice is to get in touch with the manufacturer. Keep in mind cheap options are not going to work reliably and they fail.


You should consider the warranty period to make sure the machinery you are using is effective for a longer time. Ask the manufacturer whether it will cover all the parts or not.